In the light of the above, the process of information is then indispensable [10,11,12]. Anyone wishing to undergo a tattoo or piercing must be fully informed (including by written notification) of the status of these procedures. The following information on the type of surgery to be performed, the equipment, the products to be used and contraindications and precautions, as well as possible risks and early and late side effects observed after the end of treatment should be provided. The procedures and limitations of possible future removal of the effects of a tattoo or piercing should also be indicated. Therefore, the operator must collect the necessary information to perform a tattoo or piercing under safe conditions (e.g. skin diseases, bleeding disorders, diseases that can easily lead to infection, etc.). In the Council of Europe Resolution of 20 February 2008 on safety requirements and criteria for tattoos and permanent make-up, the operator is obliged to provide complete and comprehensible information to the persons concerned. If the person requesting a tattoo or piercing is a minor, parental consent is essential based on comprehensive information on the above aspects. In addition, parental involvement also appears to be necessary to obtain information on the safe use of a tattoo or piercing in minors [13].

Another essential condition is the consent of the person concerned, subject to adequate information on the conditions of the operation, the possible risks associated with such practices, the precautions to be taken after obtaining a tattoo or piercing and the possible subsequent removal thereof. The consent of the person concerned is essential for the operator to intervene on his body [9]. However, this consent can never be valid to authorize an activity that violates art. 5 (Italian) of the Civil Code or which is not carried out in accordance with the highest standards. Legally, only doctors are allowed to perform the tattoo procedure; However, this may change to include those with dermatological qualifications. Some tattoo parlors have been raided by police, including hefty fines. In the United States, adulthood is usually 16 because that`s the age at which you can have a contract with someone, but there`s a lot of “but” on this concept because, when specified, the age to tattoo is usually 18, not 16. For example, some must be both authorized and inspected; Many states only require you to register as a tattoo artist, and several states have no licensing regulations or laws.

Strange things, of course. In Costa Rica, you can get tattooed at the age of 12, in Cuba, tattooing is practically “not legal” or in El Salvador, there is no legal ban for minors. Vecchio appealed twice, first to a court in Turin, which overturned the prison sentence but upheld the verdict, and then to the Court of Cassation in Rome, which shortly before Christmas upheld the judgment of the lower court of appeal and ordered Vecchio to pay costs. The judges took into account, among other things, the opinion of a professor of forensic medicine, who confirmed that Giulia had experienced a “change in the sensory and protective functions of the skin layer”. As a result of this decision, tattooing persons under the age of 18 in Italy without the written consent of their parents became a criminal offence. As highlighted in the above guidelines, procedures involving the use of needles and blades for non-therapeutic purposes can lead to a risk of infection with blood-borne pathogens, as well as severe skin infection, if the necessary preventive hygiene measures are not strictly observed. In rare cases, these procedures have even caused serious systemic infections. There are many cases in the medical literature of infections transmitted after piercing and tattooing. The latter procedure is also associated with toxic effects caused by substances used for skin pigmentation.

Throughout history, there have been many reasons why tattoos are not allowed and frowned upon, but most of them were taboos that Western societies were able to overcome with the open-mindedness and growth of the last few decades. Why are tattoos of minors banned in so many countries and why do you need parental consent? Parental authority and decision-making are therefore legally enforced even when it comes to processing a minor`s request for a tattoo or piercing. Many states had banned the art of tattooing. In fact, Oklahoma was not the last state to legalize tattooing until November 1, 2006, after the 1963 ban was lifted. Fresh tattoos and angry parents aren`t exactly an unknown combination. In fact, for many, the purpose of tattooing is to upset mom and dad. Giulia, a 15-year-old student from Turin, might have expected there to be an argument when she returned home one day in 1999 with a one-and-a-half-inch drawing on her shoulder; but she could hardly imagine starting a six-year trial that would end in Italy`s highest court.